飛行汽車也有里程焦慮

2019-11-14 10:41

假如所述整體規劃真能順利實現,保持科幻片中乘座四軸飛行器交通出行的情景好像已近在咫尺,但也許多人對于并不是看中。

在安全性和管控均有確保的狀況下,傳統式飛行汽車能在2020年展翅翱翔于天上,但顛覆性的飛行汽車或至2025年才變成實際。

最先是充電電池。Shanley告訴記者,假如發動機的充電電池沒有顛覆性的更改,那將自始至終遭遇2個難題,飛很近和易發燙。純電動車的里程數焦慮情緒在飛行汽車上仍將續延,由于現階段的充電電池動能不能夠適配遠距離航空,也有超溫起火風險性。

五座全電動垂直起降(eVTOL)Lilium Jet

美國航空及國防安全機構L3Technologies頂尖技術工程師安德魯·納爾森(Andrew Nelson)也在采訪中也表達,動力鋰電池的諸多安全風險,會推遲eVTOLs規模性走向市場的時間。

另一個等候顛覆性的更改的要素,則是空中交通管理規章制度及系統軟件。

在中國,廣州市無人飛機及無人駕駛四軸飛行器生產商億航智能化已得到了中國民航總局的無人飛機示范點適航準予。在國外,Uber與NASA簽定了一項外太空法協議書,對將在低空飛行的無人駕駛汽車開展路政管理。但這并不等于飛行汽車能隨便“上天”。

“eVTOLs是全新升級的定義,預估必須3-5年的時間進行合規管理驗證和有關法律法規。”納爾森表達,純電動車四軸飛行器和無人駕駛技術在國外必須更長的檢測及其更低的故障率,來確保其安全性。

瑞士銀行2017年的調研數據顯示,75%-80%的商業航空公司航空實際操作已所有由無人駕駛進行,但54%的受眾不想要乘座自動駕駛飛機航班。

最少在20年前,將來城市公共交通的關鍵方式應當是自動駕駛的純電動車的士,根據5G及V2X等交通出行基礎設施建設更新改造,也可以保持零擁擠、零安全事故和零排放的目地。即便飛行汽車能在20今年年底產品化,也僅僅擔負中等水平間距的高檔交通出行。

飛行汽車的發展趨勢還遭遇眾多挑戰,但Shanley告知未來汽車日報(ID:auto-time),她堅信高新科技可以解決一切難點,“或許10年前倒回去看,電瓶車和無人駕駛車僅僅從小車到飛行汽車的短暫性銜接罷了。”

NASA航空公司科學研究聯合會副署長杰萬·辛(JaiwonShin)在無人飛機和航空公司將來的美國白宮討論會上也表達:“美國國家航空航天局對VTOL(垂直起降四軸飛行器)的市場前景維持開朗。”

我國非常好的機遇,可以變成這一技術性的搶鮮者,“衣食住行有概率時,人們還要勤奮讓它變成將會和實際”。

英文版


English version

If the overall plan can be achieved smoothly, it seems that the sci-fi film travels in a quad-axis aircraft is close at hand, but many people are not interested in it.

With safety and control in place, traditional flying cars can fly in the sky in 2020, but disruptive flying cars will not become practical until 2025.

The first is a rechargeable battery. Shanley told reporters that if there is no subversive change in the rechargeable battery of the diesel engine, it will encounter two problems from beginning to end, flying very close and easy to burn. The mileage anxiety of pure electric vehicles will continue to be extended in the flying car. Since the current kinetic energy of rechargeable batteries cannot adapt to long-distance aviation, there is also the risk of over-temperature fire.

Andrew Nelson, a top technical engineer at L3Technologies, a US aviation and defense security agency, also said in an interview that the many security risks of power lithium batteries will delay the time-to-market of eVTOLs.

Another element that awaits subversive changes is air traffic management regulations and system software.

In China, the intelligent unmanned aircraft and unmanned four-axle aircraft manufacturer in Guangzhou has received the airworthiness grant from the Civil Aviation Administration of China. In foreign countries, Uber and NASA signed an agreement on outer space law to carry out road management for unmanned vehicles that will fly at low altitudes. But this does not mean that the flying car can be casually "God".

“eVTOLs are a new upgrade definition, and it is estimated that 3-5 years of compliance management verification and related laws and regulations must be in place.” Nelson said that pure electric vehicle quadcopters and driverless technology must be longer abroad. The detection and its lower failure rate ensure its safety.

According to the survey data of Swiss Bank in 2017, 75%-80% of the commercial airlines' aviation operations have all been carried out by driverless, but 54% of the audience do not want to take the autopilot flights.

At least 20 years ago, the key way of urban public transportation in the future should be autonomous electric vehicle taxis. It can also maintain zero crowding, zero safety accidents and zero emissions according to the renovation of transportation infrastructure such as 5G and V2X. Purpose. Even if the flying car can be commercialized at the end of this year, it will only be responsible for high-end traffic with medium-level spacing.

The development trend of flying cars has also encountered many challenges, but Shanley told the future car (ID: auto-time), she firmly believes that high-tech can solve all difficulties, "maybe back 10 years ago, battery cars and driverless cars only from The short-term connection between the car and the flying car."

Jaiwon Shin, deputy director of the NASA Airline Scientific Research Association, also expressed at the future White House seminar of unmanned aircraft and airlines: "NASA's VTOL (Vertical Takeoff and Falling Quadcopter) The market outlook remains cheerful."

China's very good opportunity can become a technical predator. When there is a probability of clothing, food and shelter, people have to work diligently to make it become real and practical."

(圖/文編譯:飛行汽車 http://www.rqt28ebs.icu/


聲明:未經原創作者飛行汽車網允許不得轉載本文內容,否則將視為侵權,本站依法保留追究權!

分享到:
友情鏈接
© 2005 - 現在 飛行汽車網 蘇ICP備19013935號 違法和不良信息舉報:[email protected]
© 2005 - 現在 飛行汽車網 蘇ICP備19013935號
違法和不良信息舉報:[email protected]
金钱侠下载